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Masada South, Massada

מצדה עתיקות והסטוריה

Mention that you are going to Israel and one of the first things you will be asked is if you are planning to go to Masada. It’s the most famous spot for tourists in Israel after the Western Wall and for good reason. The story of Masada is dramatic, heroic and tragic, and when you visit the site you literally see history in front of your eyes.

 

Masada rises 400 meters above sea level. King Herod built a magnificent palace on Masada sometime between 37 and 31 BCE. Despite the fact that Masada is in the desert, Herod was such fantastic builder that he managed to construct not just a magnificent palace, but also bathhouses, storehouses for food and 12 huge wells to collect water. King Herod was able to remain on Masada for months and even years well stocked with food and water.

 

About 75 year after the death of King Herod in the year 66 CE, Jewish zealots overcame the Roman garrison stationed at Masada. After the temple in Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans in the year 70 CE, many Jewish fighters fled to the stronghold of Masada. The palace was so well built by Herod, that the Jews were able to hold out for 3 years against the Roman army. In the year 73 CE the 10th Legion of the Roman Army began to build a rampart to reach the fortress at Masada. In the spring of 74 CE the Romans moved a battering ram onto the rampart and it became clear that they were going to breach the fortress. The Jews of Masada, about 1,000 people all together, chose to die rather than be captured by the Romans.

 

Because of the desert climate, much of Masada was preserved. Today you can seen not only remains of Herod’s palace, but also the stronghold of the zealots and evidence of the Roman siege. There are two options when going up the mountain. You can hop on a cable car which will take a few minutes. Alternatively, you can hike up the snake path which will take you anywhere from 45 minutes to an hour and a half. If you are coming in the heat of the summer, make sure you have plenty of water if you plan to hike up. A very popular thing to do is to take the hike very early in the morning and time the trip so that you get to the top at sunrise.

 

Today, IDF soldiers complete their basic training at Masada where they declare that “Masada will not fall again”

 

Maps and audio guides are available in many languages to help you really experience an unforgettable day at Masada.

 

 
  • Outdoors
  • Picnic area
  • Cultural
  • Tour Guide Recommended
  • Moderate Hike
  • $$

"מצדה" - היא ביקור חובה לכל חובב הסטוריה, וארכיאולוגיה. מצדה, שוכנת בצוק מבודד במדבר יהודה, המתנשא לגובה של 400 מטר מעל פני הים, הורדוס המלך בנה במצדה, מצודה מלכותית ובה ארמונות מפוארים, בית מרחץ, משוכלל, ועוד ארמונות קטנים יותר. הארמון הצפוני הוא המרשים ביותר, והוא האטרקציה המרכזית בביקור בהר. הארמון בנוי 3 מדרגות סלע, כשלכל קומה מרפסת ענקית המשקיפה לנוף המרהיב של ים המלח, והרי מואב. בסמוך לארמון הצפוני, הקים הורדוס בית מרחץ משוכלל ביותר, 29 מחסנים גדולים לאכסון מזון ו - 12 בורות מים עצומים, אליהם נאספו מי השטפונות שזרמו בנחל. כך שהורדוס המלך יכל לשהות בהר, חודשים ושנים. [לחובבי הסטוריה ללא אספקה סדירה של מזון ומים. לימים בימי חורבן ביהמ"ק השני התקיימו בהר, 960 איש מהקנאים שמרדו ברומאים. והקרב על הרומאים על כיבוש ההר, עד לסופם הטראגי של מגיניה, הפך זה מכבר לסמל של מאבק אנושי בין דיכוי לחרות. מומלץ ביותר, לקחת בכניסה את מפת האתר המפורטת, במגוון שפות. וכן מומלץ לקחת מדריך אוזניותץ אישי . ובעזרתו לטייל על ההר. העליה להר. היא ברכבל, או בטיפוס במעלה ההר - בשביל הנחש המפורסם - של כ - 45 דקות [שביל הטיפוס סגור בחודשי הקיץ החמים].

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+ להראות יותר

  • Schedule

    Winter: 8:00 - 4:00; Summer: 8:00 - 5:00

  • Duration

    About 2 hours (not including the climb up or the descent from the top)

  • Suitabilty

    Winter: 8:00 - 4:00; Summer: 8:00 - 5:00

  • Season All year
  • Transportation

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